> Americas The Economist | . According to 2006 census data, 44.3 million people of the U.S. population were Hispanic or Hispanic American by origin; 38.3 million people, 13 percent of the population over five years old speak Spanish at home. States (50)  Weather Underground | Letter to Editor, Custom News Consular Information Sheet | , Due to their proximity to Spanish-speaking countries, Trinidad and Tobago and Brazil have implemented Spanish language teaching into their education systems.  Spanish is an official language of the European Union. The diphthongization of Latin stressed short e and o—which occurred in open syllables in French and Italian, but not at all in Catalan or Portuguese—is found in both open and closed syllables in Spanish, as shown in the following table: Spanish is marked by the palatalization of the Latin double consonants nn and ll (thus Latin Article III reads as follows: El castellano es la lengua española oficial del Estado. , The term castellano comes from the Latin word castellanus, which means "of or pertaining to a fort or castle". One of its main features is the reduction or loss of unstressed vowels, mainly when they are in contact with the sound /s/. In addition, articles and some pronouns and determiners have a neuter gender in their singular form. While this increased the use of Spanish throughout the islands and led to the formation of a class of Spanish-speaking intellectuals called the Ilustrados, only populations in urban areas or with places with a significant Spanish presence used the language on a daily basis or learned it as a second or third language. 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Worldcountries.info | Economic Most speakers use (and the Real Academia Española prefers) the pronouns lo and la for direct objects (masculine and feminine respectively, regardless of animacy, meaning "him", "her", or "it"), and le for indirect objects (regardless of gender or animacy, meaning "to him", "to her", or "to it"). The forms for vos generally can be derived from those of vosotros (the traditional second-person familiar plural) by deleting the glide [i̯], or /d/, where it appears in the ending: vosotros pensáis > vos pensás; vosotros volvéis > vos volvés, pensad! The Spanish Constitution of 1978 uses the term castellano to define the official language of the whole Spanish State in contrast to las demás lenguas españolas (lit. In the twentieth century, Spanish was introduced to Equatorial Guinea and the Western Sahara, and to areas of the United States that had not been part of the Spanish Empire, such as Spanish Harlem in New York City. Notice that this negative meaning also applies for Latin sinistra(m) ("dark, unfortunate"). 9.  In many border towns and villages along Paraguay and Uruguay, a mixed language known as Portuñol is spoken.. In addition, many more words were borrowed from Latin through the influence of written language and the liturgical language of the Church. There are important variations (phonological, grammatical, and lexical) in the spoken Spanish of the various regions of Spain and throughout the Spanish-speaking areas of the Americas. : There are 14,100 people who speak other language as their mother tongue (main language, Kekchí with 12,300 speakers): There are 490,124 people who speak another language, mainly Mískito (154,000). : There are 501,043 people who speak another language as mother tongue: There are 150,200 people who speak another language as mother tongue, 95.10% of the population speaks Spanish (. For details on borrowed words and other external influences upon Spanish, see Influences on the Spanish language. filius) or the ending -iculus, -icula (e.g.  Today, Spanish is virtually extinct in the Philippines, with less than 0.5% of the population being able to speak the language proficiently. The oldest Latin texts with traces of Spanish come from mid-northern Iberia in the 9th century, and the first systematic written use of the language happened in Toledo, a prominent city of the Kingdom of Castile, in the 13th century. The noun and adjective systems exhibit two genders and two numbers. Medieval Catalan (e.g. As in "us very selves", an emphatic expression. Spanish intonation varies significantly according to dialect but generally conforms to a pattern of falling tone for declarative sentences and wh-questions (who, what, why, etc.) However, it is not mutually intelligible with Spanish. Chile LL, Weather Spanish is the primary language in 20 countries worldwide. Under the leadership of UNESCO, the IYL 2015 brought together hundreds of national and international â¦ The loanwords were taken from both Classical Latin and Renaissance Latin, the form of Latin in use at that time. Ladino speakers today are almost exclusively Sephardi Jews, with family roots in Turkey, Greece, or the Balkans, and living mostly in Israel, Turkey, and the United States, with a few communities in Hispanic America. Therefore, its relationship to Spanish is comparable with that of the Yiddish language to German. The variety with the most speakers is Mexican Spanish. > Chile News, Chile News Offbeat News  Judaeo-Spanish lacks the Native American vocabulary which was acquired by standard Spanish during the Spanish colonial period, and it retains many archaic features which have since been lost in standard Spanish. The regional languages are the auxiliary official languages in the regions and shall serve as auxiliary media of instruction therein.  However, the initiative failed to gain any traction, with the number of secondary schools at which the language is either a compulsory subject or offered as an elective remaining very limited.  Nevertheless, despite a significant decrease in influence and speakers, Spanish remained an official language of the Philippines upon independence in 1946, alongside English and Filipino, a standardized version of Tagalog. 8. In Seville, Huelva, Cadiz, and other parts of western Andalusia, the familiar form is constructed as ustedes vais, using the traditional second-person plural form of the verb. Formerly the digraphs ⟨ch⟩ (che, representing the phoneme /t͡ʃ/) and ⟨ll⟩ (elle, representing the phoneme /ʎ/ or /ʝ/), were also considered single letters. It is generally acknowledged that Portuguese and Spanish speakers can communicate in written form, with varying degrees of mutual intelligibility. It is used to convey respect toward someone who is a generation older or is of higher authority ("you, sir"/"you, ma'am"). Areas of generalized voseo include Argentina, Nicaragua, eastern Bolivia, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Costa Rica, Paraguay, Uruguay and the Colombian departments of Antioquia, Caldas, Risaralda, Quindio and Valle del Cauca.. Spanish is written in the Latin script, with the addition of the character ⟨ñ⟩ (eñe, representing the phoneme /ɲ/, a letter distinct from ⟨n⟩, although typographically composed of an ⟨n⟩ with a tilde). Humor  Alongside English and French, it is also one of the most taught foreign languages throughout the world. Health La Estrella (Concepción) LL Science Usted is also used that way between parents and children in the Andean regions of Ecuador, Colombia and Venezuela. The institute's 2015 report "El español, una lengua viva" (Spanish, a living language) estimated that there were 559 million Spanish speakers worldwide. Government auricula), Old Spanish produced [ʒ], that in Modern Spanish became the velar fricative [x] (hijo, oreja, where neighboring languages have the palatal lateral [ʎ] (e.g. This too tended to assimilate with modern Spanish, during the Spanish occupation of the region. News Photos Find the best in Fuquay-Varina new construction at Stonecreek. Most of Spain maintains the formal/familiar distinction with ustedes and vosotros respectively. The orthographic system unambiguously reflects where the stress occurs: in the absence of an accent mark, the stress falls on the last syllable unless the last letter is ⟨n⟩, ⟨s⟩, or a vowel, in which cases the stress falls on the next-to-last (penultimate) syllable. Its latest annual report "El español en el mundo 2018" (Spanish in the world 2018) counts 577 million Spanish speakers worldwide. , In Europe, Spanish is an official language of Spain, the country after which it is named and from which it originated. Finance A related dialect is Haketia, the Judaeo-Spanish of northern Morocco. News Chat $13.50 2670 Calories Crisp Tortilla Chips Covered with Melted Cheeses, Guacamole, Red Chile Sauce, Sour Cream, Jalapeños, Green Onions and Salsa. Yahoo! In Romance etymology, Latin terms are given in the Accusative since most forms derive from this case. U.S. State Department | RENO, Nev. â Nevada health officials have confirmed the stateâs first known case of a coronavirus variant that was originally identified in â¦ ", "Talk!". BBC (Spanish) | The main allophonic variation among vowels is the reduction of the high vowels /i/ and /u/ to glides—[j] and [w] respectively—when unstressed and adjacent to another vowel.  Mainly, it is spoken by the descendants of Hispanics who have been in the region since the seventeenth century; however, English is the official language. 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