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How he reached this conclusion is revealed in a secret recording of a meeting with the Joint Chiefs of Staff [JCS] on the fourth morning of the crisis. . U.S. President John F. Kennedy speaks before reporters during a televised speech to the nation about the strategic blockade of Cuba, and his warning to the Soviet Union about missile sanctions, during the Cuban missile crisis, on October 24, 1962 in Washington, DC. It offers a cardinal lesson in presidential leadership in the nuclear age. Use the Navy to set up a perimeter around Cuba. He informed the people of the United States of the "quarantine" placed around Cuba … Audio mp3 of Address As American troops assaulted the island they would have confronted four times the 10,000 Soviet troops the CIA estimated in Cuba, and they would have been massacred by an array of Soviet tactical nuclear weapons that American intelligence had not discovered. On Tuesday morning, October 16, 1962 President John F. Kennedy awoke to a political and security nightmare. The political and military standoff that followed between the US and the USSR resulted in a naval quarantine, a downed American plane, and the fear of nuclear escalation. . The context of the Cuban Missile Crisis is complex, but, in brief, President Castro was concerned that Cuba would be invaded by American forces, while Mr. Khrushchev wanted to gain a foothold in the Caribbean which could potentially be used … “If we allow their missiles to remain, they have offended our prestige, and are in a position to pressure us. Sign up to receive the top stories you need to know now on politics, health and more, © 2020 TIME USA, LLC. The blockade, he worried, will provide the Soviets with time to hide their missiles, and it will even encourage them to move against Berlin. It will lead right into war. Two other important results of the crisis came in unique forms. Karibsky krizis, IPA: [kɐˈrʲipskʲɪj ˈkrʲizʲɪs]), or the Missile Scare, was a 1 month, 4 days (16 October – 20 November, 1962) confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union initiated by Soviet ballistic missile deployment in Cuba. But a week later, on Monday evening, October 22nd, he announced his decision to “quarantine” (blockade) Cuba as the first move to force Khrushchev to withdraw his missiles. The decision to blockade rather than invade Cuba led to the most dangerous week of the Cold War. [It’s] just one of the difficulties that we live with in life, like we live with the Soviet Union and China.”, The major argument for forcing the removal of the missiles from Cuba “is the political effect [they will have] on United States [prestige].” An invasion may be the most thorough solution, but “a lot of people [will] . But he was driven by obligations and pressures that could force him to retaliate if his missiles were attacked. But Bundy’s report made it clear that Khrushchev had deceived him. The Soviet Union’s ICBMs, bombers, and sub­marines can kill eighty to one hundred million Americans. No other event in history offers as many relevant lessons about presidential leadership in the nuclear age as those thirteen days in October. The Cuban Missile Crisis, a tense 13-day standoff between the US and the Soviet Union over the placement of nuclear missiles in Cuba, took place in October 1962. . On the other hand, if we attack the missiles or invade Cuba it gives them a clear line to take [West] Berlin,” Khrushchev’s highest priority since 1958. We just have to be clear that “if they make a move we’re going to fight.” And then he added: “This blockade and political action, I see leading into war. And I’m sure a lot of our own citizens would feel that way, too. 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